The early dramas had a history of open-air or semi-open-air performances, all using daylight as a light source. However, as the venue moved into the indoor or nighttime performances, stage lighting began to appear. According to the writings, after the 1102 Chinese Northern Song Dynasty, the beams were held every Yuanxiao. The festival has performed "Hundred Plays", and the platform is used as a stage for the downstairs. On the two sides of the platform, there are one hanging ball on each side of the tower. There is a lot of chandeliers and internal burning candles. This is the beginning of Chinese artificial light source. 16th century In Europe, when performing outdoor nighttime, the lamp was made of resin-impregnated rope as the light source. During the fifteenth to sixteenth centuries, the Italian setter conducted the experiment of chromatic lighting. In the early 17th century, the Italians made control lighting dimming in the performance. Various experiments. In French classical performances, I also tried to show how to change the time of day and night. Since the 19th century, the light source has changed rapidly. In 1846, the Paris Opera House used the arc light source for the first time, and then used the arc light to make the color. The silk filter creates a stage image that uses five consecutive light changes to represent the whole process from sunset to sunrise. At the beginning of the 20th century, after the introduction of the tungsten light bulb, the stage was provided with a concentrated spotlight for the performance. Stage space, creating a stage atmosphere provides favorable conditions. The invention of the dimmer, the unified management of the lighting system and the use of the color filter have enhanced the expressive power of the stage lighting. In 1920, the Italian M. Folten designed A soft light reflecting system that uses an arc source reflected from a silk fabric to simulate the natural light color to express the illusion of the sky.