With the rapid development of the economy, people's living standards are constantly improving, and the pressures of life and work are getting bigger and bigger. In addition to intense work and study, people need a green space away from the hustle and bustle of the city to relax.
Talking about the design skills of garden landscape lighting
Therefore, the open garden space in the city is increasingly favored by people. The emphasis on such “urban oasis” landscape lighting design has also increased. In this paper, from the two aspects of "general steps of landscape lighting design" and "design performance of different types of landscapes", some methods commonly used in landscape lighting design are briefly explained.
General steps for landscape lighting design
(1) Analysis of relevant information
Understand the humanities and history of the city in which the garden is located; examine the landscape lighting features of the surrounding gardens.
Understand the design orientation of the landscape architect by the landscape architect.
(2) Proposing the design concept
Analyze the surrounding environment and landscape features of the garden, and summarize the elements that are useful for landscape lighting design.
Put forward the concept of landscape lighting design.
(3) Conducting lighting analysis
The analysis of the route of the garden shows the visual focus of the visitors viewing the garden according to the tour and the relationship between the primary and secondary points of the landscape nodes on the tour. (Simply introduce, the implementation of functional lighting)
The functional analysis of the landscape nodes deduces the design style of each node in the park and the brightness that must be achieved when implementing landscape lighting.
The main scene analysis, according to the analysis of the route of the garden and the functional analysis of the landscape nodes, extracts several main viewpoints in the garden and forms a large visual scene.
(4) Deepening lighting design
In the process of deepening the design, the landscape lighting design of each scene must be closely related to the overall design concept. Under the guidance of the above landscape lighting analysis, the design should be based on the relationship between the primary and secondary of the landscape nodes, the strength of the landscape lighting, and the order of observation.
Night illumination of buildings
Design performance of different types of landscapes
(1) Night lighting of buildings
The night illumination of buildings, the most commonly used are floodlighting, contour lighting, and internal light-transmitting lighting.
The floodlighting of the building's façade is to directly illuminate the facade of the building with a projection (flood) light at a certain angle calculated by the design, reshaping the night image of the building. The effect can not only show the whole picture of the building, but also can effectively express the shape, three-dimensionality, stone material and material texture, and even the decoration detail of the building.
Floodlighting does not simply reproduce the daytime image of a building. Instead, it uses the means of light, color, and shadow of the floodlighting to reshape the building's image that is more moving, pretty, and majestic at night.
Architectural outline lighting is to directly outline the building with line light sources (string lights, neon lights, light-resistant lights, light pipes, LED light bars, all-body light-emitting fibers, etc.). Illuminating the edges of a building with a narrow beam of light also serves to outline the outline.
The inner light-transmitting illumination is the use of indoor light or a device in a special position to transmit light from the interior of the building to form an exquisite and clear night lighting effect.
Square landscape lighting, first of all, the landscape lighting of the buildings around the square and the lighting of the square parts should be unified. The lighting of the squares and the roads around the squares should be coordinated, and the inherent culture should be unified.
The main lighting of the square includes: fountains, square floors and markers, arrays of trees, entrance and exit lights of underground shopping malls or subways, and ambient lighting such as surrounding green spaces and flower beds.